Go To The Source and Questions to Consider:
Reclamation Act of 1902
What are the main provisions of the Reclamation Act? How did this national legislation affect the Inland Empire?
East Oregonian, circa 1950 -
"Brown Silt Kills Dam; Old Problem"
What, according to this article above, is the No. 1 problem with dams? What kinds of proposed solutions involve long-term thinking? What kinds involve short term thinking?
Herald article, circa 1948 - "McKay
Dam Saves Projects"
What is the relationship between McKay Dam and Furnish Dam? How did communities view damming the Umatilla?
Daily Tribune article, 1902 - "Open Columbia To the Sea,"
by Lee B. Reeder
What arguments does the author of this article make for an "open river"? Are there arguments that could have been made against it? By whom?
Herald article, Oct. 11, 1923 - "E.P. Dodd Speaks at Irrigation
What connections does E.P. Dodd make between geography and a damsite at Umatilla?
Herald article, Jan. 12, 1933 - "Interest in Umatilla Rapids
Project is Revived"
What role did the Umatilla Rapids Association play in Columbia River development? What groups pushed for a dam at Umatilla? What tactics did they use to get it?
Herald article, January 13, 1938 - "Dam at Umatilla Asked First,"
What role did Charles McNary play in obtaining funding for a dam at Umatilla?
Herald article, May 1, 1941 - "Umatilla Rapids Dam Approved By
What are the justifications for a Umatilla Dam in this article?
General Questions To Consider:
Which groups are most
interested in seeing a dam at the Umatilla Rapids? Why?
How did building a Umatilla dam become a national issue?
Do the justifications for a Umatilla dam remain the same throughout its promotion? Why or why not?